University of Bahrain
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Forensic Fingerprint Analysis using Self-Organizing Maps, Classification and Regression Trees and Naïve Bayes Methods

Show simple item record Chuen Lee, Loong Izzati Bohari, Nur 2021-08-18T16:28:15Z 2021-08-18T16:28:15Z 2021-08-18
dc.identifier.issn 2210-142X
dc.description.abstract Fingerprint is one type of physical evidence frequently encountered at a crime scene. It is useful in revealing identity of the culprit. However, poor quality latent fingerprint collected from a crime scene seldom makes an identification reliable. In practice, the identification is accomplished by matching a known print to an unknown print according to the types and locations of their minutiae features. When it is infeasible to conduct an identification, forensic scientist can attempt to predict the sex of donor of the latent fingerprint in order to narrow down the scope of searching of suspect. In the context of forensic science, sexual dimorphism in ridge count has been studied for a few decades ago. Meanwhile, gender classification based on fingerprint images have been regularly reported in the field of computer science. Viewed from a practical perspective, extraction of salient fingerprint features depends on the quality of the input fingerprint image of which could be very low in a real crime scene. Hence, fingerprint data studied in this work, i.e. diagonal ridge counts within a well-defined region, i.e. 25 centimeter squared, were determined manually. Firstly, the fingerprint data was explored using self-organizing maps method. Next, Naïve Bayes (NB) and Classification and Regression Trees (CART) algorithms were, respectively, used to construct predictive model for discriminating gender based on the fingerprint data. A multitude of prediction models were constructed by considering ten-digit, five-digit and one-digit samples, respectively, to predict gender by three races, i.e. Chinese, Indians and Malays; and the combined sub-population. Each of the models was validated using bootstrapping without replacement approach. Results showed that the single-digit samples produced accuracy rate slightly lower than that obtained using five- or ten-digit samples. Comparing to the global predictive model, ethnicity-specific models of Indian and Malay subjects showed slight improvement in external accuracy rate. Moreover, by considering all five digits of a particular hand as input data, NB tends to outperform CART. However, both NB and CART are comparable to each other when one-digit sample was considered as input data. In conclusion, both NB and CART can be useful in predicting gender of Malaysian based on fingerprint ridge counts. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Bahrain en_US
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri *
dc.subject Naïve Bayes en_US
dc.subject CART en_US
dc.subject self-organizing maps en_US
dc.subject gender en_US
dc.subject ridge count en_US
dc.subject Malaysia en_US
dc.title Forensic Fingerprint Analysis using Self-Organizing Maps, Classification and Regression Trees and Naïve Bayes Methods en_US
dc.identifier.doi en
dc.contributor.authorcountry Malaysia en_US
dc.contributor.authorcountry Malaysia en_US
dc.contributor.authoraffiliation Forensic Science Program, CODTIS, FSK, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi en_US
dc.contributor.authoraffiliation Institute of IR4.0,Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi en_US
dc.source.title International Journal Of Computing and Digital System en_US
dc.abbreviatedsourcetitle IJCDS en_US

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